Thursday, 13 September 2018

An Alphabetical Comprehensive List of Japanese Loanwords in English


An Alphabetical Comprehensive List of Japanese Loanwords in English


 This list comprises as many as 1,500 Japanese words or phrases borrowed into English and used in English literature. But it does not have the following Japanese words entered: place names, trade names (with some exceptions), or derivative words or phrases of ‘JAPAN.’ More historical information and accurate materials relating to these loanwords can be found in A Historical Dictionary Japanese Words Used in English compiled by Isamu Hayakawa.


Japanese Words  Brief Explanation or Definition
[Etymology]  [trdn]trade name

A   
abukumalite  [Abukuma (a plateau in Fukushima Prefecture) + -lite]
abura-bozu  a large fish of the northern Pacific
abura-haye  a Japanese cyprinoid fish
aburachan seed  [abura (oil) + chan (pitch)]
aburagiri  a thung (oil) tree  See.
adsuki (bean)  adzuki
adzuki (bean), azuki a dark red edible bean
ahyu   ayu
ai    ayu
aikido   a Japanese art of self-defence
aikuchi   a dagger, a dirk  
Aino   Ainu
ainoko   a person of mixed blood
Ainu   an indigenous Caucasoid people of Japan  See.  
akabo   a hand-baggage porter at a Japanese railway station
akaganeite  [aka (red) + gane < kane (metal) + -ite]
akahara   a Japanese cyprinoid fish
akamatsu  [aka (red) + matsu (pine)]
akamebuku  same as kitamakura
akamushi (mite)  tsutsugamushi mite
akebi   an eastern Asiatic vine
Akebia    akebi, a small genus of woody vine
akeki   hiba arborvitae
akenobeite  [Akenobe (a district of western Japan) + -ite]
Akita (dog)  [Akita (a district of northern Japan) + dog]
ama   a woman diver
amado   one of a set of shutters on the outer side of a Japanese house
amakudari  the entry by retired bureaucrats into private companies
amanori   the laver
Amaterasu(-Omikami) the Sun-Goddess, the central deity of Shinto
ame   a dextrose or glucose manufactured from rice paste
amemasu  a trout
Amida   Amitabha, one of the five Buddhas
Amidism  [Amida (Amitabha) + -ism]
Amidist   [Amida (Amitabha) + -ist]
anago   a conger eel
andon   a paper-framed lamp
ansu   an apricot
aogiri   the sultan’s parasol
aoi tsuba  a kind of Japanese sword-guard
Aoyama’s fluid  after Fumio Aoyama, 20th century Japanese anatomist
aragoto   a play featuring exaggerated posture, makeup, and costume
arakawaite  [Arakawa (a mine in Akita Prefecture) + -ite]
arigato   Thank you very much.
arisaka (rifle)  after Col. Nariakira Arisaka (1852-1915)
Arita (ware)  [Arita (a town on the island of Kyushu) + ware]
Atari Democrat  [atari (success, hit) + democrat]
Atari Socialism  [atari (success, hit) + socialism]
Atarize   [atari (success, hit) + -ize]
Atom Boy  [trdn]
aucuba, A-  a well-known hardy evergreen shrub
aucuba green  a light olive that is greener and stronger than citrine
aucuba mosaic  a mosaic of the potato and other plants of the family Solanaceae
awabi   an abalone, an ear shell
Awaji ware  a coarse stone-ware made in Awaji Province
Awata ware  pottery and porcelain made at Awata, near Kyoto
ayu, ahyu, ai  a small salmonlike anadromous fish of Japan
Azuchi-Momoyama (era) from 1568 to 1600, a period of Japanese art
azuki (bean)  adzuki
B   
bai   yellow sands blown in the air
baishu   bribery
bai-u   (a season of) rainfall in early summer
baka (bomb)  a Japanese rocket-propelled bomb-carrying airplane guided by a suicide pilot in World War II
Bakanae Disease  [baka (idiot) + nae (young rice plant)]
bakufu   the government of the shoguns, the Shogunate
Bakumatsu  the last days of the Shogunate
bancha (tea)  coarse Japanese tea
bandaite  [Baindai (a volcano on Honshu Island) + -ite]
Banko pottery,  a thin Japanese ware, named after Nunami Banko, the original maker
Banko-ware, b-
banzai (interj.)  [ban (ten thousand) + zai < sai (years)]
banzai (n.)  a shout or cheer used by the Japanese in greeting the emperor
banzai attack  US slang, a reckless desperate mass attack
banzai charge  US slang, a reckless desperate mass attack
Banzai Cliff  US slang
banzai party  US slang
banzuke   a list of sumo wrestlers
baren   a pad used in wood block printing
basho   a sumo tournament
bashofu   a fabric woven from the fiber of the plantain
beddo, betto  a rolling bed installed in love hotels
Beef Bowl  [trdn]
bekko   tortoise shell
bekko-ware  a kind of pottery anciently made in Japan, imitating tortoise-shell
beni   a hardy shrub cultivated for its late summer bloom
benimasu  [beni (red) + masu (salmon)]
Benihana of Tokyo [trdn]
Benten   the goddess of fortune and happiness
bento   a lunch, a box lunch
Betamax  a proprietary name for the videocassette format developed by Sony
bettaku   a second house
betto (1)   a small pony carriage
betto (2)   beddo
Bishamon, b-  [< Beishamon-ten (the god of treasure)]
biwa    a 4-stringed Japanese lute
biwa    a loquat
Bizen ware  fine, hard, unglazed pottery made in Okayama Prefecture (formerly Bizen Province)
Boecho   the Defense Agency
bomban-wa  komban-wa, good evening
Bon   a Buddhist festival held annually in August to honour the dead
bon en kai  a year-end party
Bonin Islands  Ogasawara Jima [bonin < bunin < munin (unmanned) + islands]
boninite   [bonin + -ite]
bonsai   (the technique for cultivating) a potted plant or small tree
bon-seki   a miniature landscape of sand and stones
bonso   a Buddhist monk of Japan
bonze, bonzee, bonze a Buddhist monk of Japan [probably < French bonze < Portuguese bonzo < Japanese bozu]
bonzery, bonzary  [bonze + -ery]
bonzess a female bonze  [bonze + -ess]
bonzian (adj.)  [bonze + -ian]
bote   a deep-bodied shiner, found in the waters of Japan
bu   an old Japanese rectangular coin made of silver
bu   a Japanese unit of length equal to 0.1 inch
bucho   the head director
budo   military arts
Bugaku, b-  a stately classical court dance and music
buke, Buk   a military family in the feudal system of Japan
Bukkio   Buddhism
bunraku, B-  a kind of traditional puppetry, named after Uemura Bunrakuken (1737-1810), who organized the puppet theater troupe
Buppo   Buddhism
buraku   a community, a town
bushido, B-  in feudal Japan, the ethical code of the Samurai
Busshu kaze  [Bush + kaze (a cold)]
butoh, B-  a dance, dancing
butsu, B-  Buddha, a representing of the Buddha
butsudan  a small household Buddhist altar shelf
Butsudo   the teaching of Buddha, Buddhist doctrines
Butsudoist  [butsu (Buddha) + do (way) + -ist]
C   
canna   kana
Canon   [trdn]
cat(t)an   katana
cha   Japanese tea
chadai   a gratuity, an extra tip
chanoyu   a Japanese tea ceremony, the art of ceremonial tea-making
chashitsu  a tea-ceremony room
cha-wan   a rice bowl
chawan-mushi   chicken, pork, and beef steamed with egg custard in a bowl
chediak-higashi syndrome  after Ototaka Higashi (1924- ), Japanese immunologist
chichi   woman’s breast [Hawaiian English]
cho    an old Japanese unit of length
cho    a Japanese unit of land measure equal to 2 and a half acres
Cho-Cho-San  Madame Butterfly
chonin   a tradesman, a merchant in the feudal system of Japan
chorogi   a Japanese articoke
Chosen   Japanese name of Korea
Chosenese  Korean
Choshu   one of the four great fiefs of southern Japan in the 19th century
Chotei   the Imperial Court, the hall of audience
chu ()   loyalty, devotion
cobang   koban, kobang
D   
daibutsu, D-  a great image of Buddha
Daihatsu  [trdn]
Daijo   Mahayanist Buddhism
Daikoku   the god of wealth
daikon   a radish
daimiate  the office of the territory of a daimio
daimio, daimyo  a vassal of the Mikado
daimioate  [daimyo + -ate]
daimiote  [daimyo + -ate]
Dai Nippon  [dai (great) + Nippon (Japan)]
dairi   the palace or court of the Mikado
dairi(sama)  the Mikado or Emperor
dai rokkan  [dai (No.) + rok < roku (sixth) + kan (sense)]
daisho, dai-sho   a set of matched sword and dagger
dai-sho-no-soroimono [dai (long) + sho (short) + soroimono (a set of)]
dan   a degree of expertise in karate, judo, etc.
dan holder  [dan + holder]
dango (cartel)  artful prebidding arrangement
daruma, D-  Dharma, a large red doll in the form of a seated Buddhist monk
dashi   cooking stock
Datsun   [trdn]
dekasegui  working away from home in a city
do   any of numerous regions or large districts
dohyo   the sumo ring
dojo (どじょう)  a mudfish, a speckled brownish loach
dojo (道場)  a room or hall in which judo or other martial arts are taught
dojo mat 
dokusan   in Zen, a formal private meeting of a master and a student in the master’s room
domo   an interjection used in various situations
dotaku   a prehistoric bronze object shaped like bells
dozo   please, if you please
dozo yoroshiku  I’m glad to make your acquaintance.
E   
Ebisu   one of the seven deities in popularized Buddhism, the god of disinterestedness
Ezo    Yezo
eikyu shushoku   marriage
ekiben   a box lunch sold at a railroad station
ekiden   a long-distance relay, road race
emakimono  a picture scroll
endaka   high yen value
engawa   a floor extension at one side of a Japanese-style house
enka   a Japanese popular music
enoki   a hackberry, a nettle tree
enoki    mushroom   
enokidake, enokitake [enoki (hackberry) + dake < take (mushroom)]
eroduction  production of erotic movies
Esaki diode  after Reona Esaki (1925- ), Japanese physicist
Etsuzankai  a special political association of supporters
Euroshima  [Euro + Hiroshima]
Euroyen   [Euro + yen]
Ezo   Yezo, Yedzo
F   
finoki   hinoki
fu    province
fuchi   the ring about the base of a sword-hilt
fudohyo   [fudo (floating) + hyo (vote)]
fugi (cherry)   fuji (cherry)
fugu   a globefish, a swellfish eaten as a delicacy in Japan
fuji    a Japanese wisteria
fuji (cherry), fugi  a shrubby Japanese flowering cherry
fuji, fugi   a spun silk clothing fabric in plain weave
Fuji (san), Fuji yama an extinct volcano on Honshu Island, sacred to Japanese
Fuji   [trdn]
Fuji silk   a plain weave fabric made of spun silk
Fujitsu   [trdn]
Fujiwara   a noted powerful family in Japanese history
Fukurokujiu  the god of wealth and longevity
fuma no taiten  a code of laws that will be in effect forever
fun    a Japanese unit of weight equal to one tenth of momme
funa   a crucian carp
funoran   funori(n)
funori(n)  a seaweed, gloiopeltis glue made from the seaweed
furo   a Japanese bath
furoshiki  a wrapping cloth
fusuma   a framed and papered sliding door separating rooms
futon   a Japanese bed-quilt
fuye   a Japanese flute or pipe
G   
gagaku   Japanese court music, ceremonial music
gaiatsu   [gai (external) + atsu (pressure)]
gaijin   a foreigner, an outsider
galvanic moxa  moxa performed by an electrically incandescent wire
gaman   patience, endurance
gambatte  Hold out! Stick to it! Keep it up!
ganpi    a shrub for making paper
geisha (girl)  a girl who entertains men by dancing and singing
geisha dancing girl [gei (art) + sha (person) + dancing girl]
geisha-house   [gei (art) + sha (person) + house]
gekokujo  the lower dominating the upper
gengo   the name of an era
genro, Genro  the elder statesmen of Japan who influenced the government from 1876 to 1940
Genroku (era)  from 1688 to 1704
geta   traditional Japanese wooden clogs for outdoor wear
gi, gie   the uniform worn for martial arts, usually white
gidaiyu   a dramatic recital accompanied by shamisen music
ginau   ginkgo-nut
gin-fuku   one of the gymnodont fishes of Japan
ginkgo, G-, gingko, ginko a monotypic genus of broad-leaved gymnosperous trees
ginkgo (nut), ginkgo-nut, ginau   
Ginkgoaceae  [ginkgo + -aceae]
ginkgoaceous (adj.) [ginkgo + -ace + -ous]
Ginkgoales  [ginkgo + -ales]
ginkgoic   [ginkgo + -ic]
Ginkgoic acid  [ginkgo + -ic + acid]
Ginkgoites  [ginkgo + -ites]
ginkgo tree   
gin-zaiku  an article of gold
giri   duty, obligation, honor, justice
gito   jito
go    a Japanese unit of capacity equal to 11.01 cubic inches
go    a Japanese game played with black and white stones on a board
goban(g)   a Japanese game played on a board
gob(b)o   a burdock cultivated in Japan as a vegetable
Godzilla   an imaginary movie monster
goh, G-   go (Japanese game)
gohan   boiled rice
gohei   a sacred staff with cut paper
Gokuraku  paradise
Gombei pottery  earthenware with a rough gray glaze made by Gombei Kurisaki at Matsue, Japan
go(-)moku  a game played on goban
gomoku(-)zogan  a form of metalwork decoration, hodgepodge inlaid work
gotten   soup from vegetable, meat, and noodles
goumi, gumi  a shrub cultivated for its fragrant flowers and reddish fruit
gun   a country, a district
guri bori   a form of decorative carving in Japanese metalwork
gyokuro   sweet green tea
gyoza (dumpling)  a (fried) dumpling stuffed with minced pork
H   
habatsu   a political faction
habu   a venomous pit-viper native to the Ryuku Islands
habutai, habutay  a soft lightweight Japanese silk in plain weave
hagi   a bush clover
haikai   haiku
haiku   a form of Japanese verse written in three lines
haikuist   [haiku (Japanese verse) + ist]
hajimemashite  How do you do? Nice to meet you.
hak(k)ama  loose trousers with many folds
haki-dame  a rubbish heap, a dumping ground
hamo   a sharp-toothed eel
han ()   a squad, a group
han ()   a feudal clan, the territory of a daimio of the feudal period
hana-kago  [hana (flower) + kago (basket)]
hanami   a picnic to famous places to view cherry blossoms
hanamichi  a passage leading to the stage
hanashika   a professional story-teller
hancho   honcho
haniwa   a clay image
haori   a loose-fitting, knee-length Japanese coat
happi, happi-coat a loose outer coat
haragei   subtle communication, the psychological strategy
harai(-)goshi  a throw in Judo
hara(-)kari, hari(-)kari harakiri
hara(-)kiri  suicide by disembowelment
harakiri swap  [hara (belly) + kiri (cutting) + swap]
harifuku   a fish of the family Diodontidae
harisenbon   same as harifuku
harumaki  [haru (spring) + maki (roll)]
hashigakari  in Noh play
Hashimoto’s goitre after Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese surgeon
Hashimoto’s disease after Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese surgeon
Hashimoto’s struma after Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese surgeon
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis after Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese surgeon
hatamoto  a vassal of the household troops of a Shogun
hatoba   a wharf, a quay
haya    a kind of fish, a dace
Hayashi track  after Masao Hayashi (1941- )
hayashi   a musical band or accompaniment
haye   a kind of small fish
hechima   a sponge-gourd
Heian (era)  from 794 to 1185
heimin   common people
Heisei (era)  from 1989
hesomagari  a crank, a perverse person
hiba (arborvitae)  a large Japanese evergreen tree
hibachi   a large earthenware pan or brazier
hibakusha  an atomic bomb victim
hibun   anepitaph
hichiriki, hitschiriki a flageolet
Higashiyama  a period in Japanese art history, during the second half of the fifteenth century
Higo pottery  a earthenware made in the province of Higo, Japan
hi-goi   [hi (red) + goi < koi (carp)]
hijiki   an edible seaweed
hi-ogi   a folding court fan made of hinoki-wood
hinekureta  perverse, distorted, crooked
hinkaku   dignity, character
hinoki (cypress)   a large conifer native to Japan
hipparidako  in great demand
Hirado (ware), Hirato (ware)  a rich elaborate (blue-and-) white porcelain
hiragana, hirakana the cursive form of the Japanese syllabary
Hira gold lacquer [hira (flat) + gold lacquer]
hiro   a Japanese unit of length equal to 4.97 feet
Hiroshima (n.)  as in No more Hiroshimas!
Hitachi   [trdn]
Hizen (porcelain)  a porcelain with rich decoration, delicate colouring and fine workmanship, made in Hizen, the former province in the north-west of Kyushu
hobo (n.)   one that is homeless and usually penniless
hobo (v.)   to act the hobo, to journey or travel as a tramp
hobodom  [hobo + -dom]
hoboette   a female hobo
hobohemia  a community of hoboes
hoboism   [hobo + -ism]
Hojo   a noted powerful family in Japanese history
hoju   a supplementary reservist
hokku   the opening verse of a haiku poem
home goroshi  [home < homeru (to praise) + goroshi < koroshi (killing)]
honcho, hancho  a chief or leader of a small group
Honda   [trdn]
Hondo   [hon (main) + do (land)]
honne   one’s true or real intention, reality
honoki   a large tree that yields a soft whitish wood, strong and flexible
Honshu   the main Island, Japan proper
hooch, hoochie  a shelter or dwelling
hootch, hootchie  hooch
Hotei   the god with a huge belly
hurry-curry   US slang harakiri
I   
iaido   the art of drawing a sword quickly
ibota privet  [ibota (a wax tree) + privet]
ichiban (adj.)  [ichi (one) + ban (No.)]
ichibu   itzebu
icho   a ginkgo, a maiden-hair-tree of Japan
Idzumo pottery  an earthenware made in the province of Idzumo
Iga pottery  an earthenware made in the province of Iga
igano-uwo  a kind of fish
I(-)go    go
ijime   ill-treatment, bullying
ikebana   the Japanese art of flower arrangement
ikunolite, I-  [Ikuno (a mine of Japan) + -lite]
Imari (pottery, ware) an earthenware made at Imari, in the province of Hizen
Imbe pottery  an earthenware made at Imbe, in the province of Bizen
imo   a (sweet) potato
inaka   the country, a rural district
inkyo, inkiyo  the act of resigning or renouncing one’s position
inro   an ornamental nest of boxes
In-yo   the positive and negative
ippon   in Judo, a score of one full point
iroha, irofa  the Japanese kana or syllabary
iro otoko  a handsome man, a lady-killer
Ishihara(-)blind  after Shinobu Ishihara (1879-1963), Japanese ophthalmologist
Ishihara method  after Shinobu Ishihara (1879-1963), Japanese ophthalmologist
Ishihara plates  after Shinobu Ishihara (1879-1963), Japanese ophthalmologist
Ishihara (test)  after Shinobu Ishihara (1879-1963), Japanese ophthalmologist
ishikawaite  a black oxide of various metals from Ishikawa District
ishime   a roughened, irregular surface of Japanese metalwork
iso-iwashi  a little fish of the surf
issei, Issei  a Japanese immigrant to America
Isuzu   [trdn]
itai-itai   a disease caused by the ingestion of cadmium
ittomasu  same as to [it < ichi (one) + to + masu (measure)]
ito-uwo   a three-spined stickleback
Ito sukashi  in Judo
itzebu, itzeboo, itzibu, ichibu  an obsolete silver coin in the form of a thin rectangular plate
iwasha    a fish of Japan which yields oil
Iwo Jima, Iwo Shima a volcanic island, 50 km south of the Satsuma Peninsula, Kagashima Prefecture
J   
janken(-pon)  a children’s game played with the hands
jidaimono  in kabuki, a historical play
jiga   a fossorial wasp which stores its nest with caterpillars for its young
jigotai   a defensive posture in Judo
jimigaki   a highly polished surface on metalwork
jingu   a Shinto shrine
jinja, jinsha  a Shinto shrine
jinkai senjitsu  [jin (people) + kai (wave, ocean) + senjutsu (tactics)]
jinrick(i)sha, jinrik(i)sha (n.)  a light two-wheeled hooded vehicle
jinrik(i)sha (v.)  [jin (person) + riki (power) + sha (vehicle)]
jinriki(sha)-man  [jin (person) + riki (power) + sha (vehicle) + man]
jinsen    a flat fan of feathers formerly used in Japan
jito   in the Japanese feudal system, a military land steward
jiujitsu, jiu(-)jutsu  jujitsu
Jiurojin   Jurojin
jo    a Japanese unit of length
Jo(-)do   the western paradise presided over by the Buddha Amida
Jodo(-shu)  a Japanese Buddhist sect founded by Honen
Jodo (Shinshu)  a Japanese Buddhist sect founded in 1175
johachidolite  [Johachido (Korean place name) + -lite]
Jomon (pottery), j- a kind of very early hand-made Japanese pottery
joro   a prostitute
joruri   a type of dramatic recitation to musical accompaniment
josan   US slang, a girl friend
josei mondai  [josei (woman) + mondai (problem)]
judo, Judo  lit. way of softness, a modern form of jujitsu
judoesque  [judo (way of softness) + -esque]
Judo hall  [ju (gentle, soft) + do (way) + hall]
judogi   judo wear
judoist   an expert in Judo
judoka   [judo + -ka (expert)]
judoman  [judo + man]
ju(-)jitsian   [jujutsu + -ian]
ju(-)jitsu (n.)  the Japanese art of self-defence without weapons
ju(-)jitsu (v.)  [ju (gentle, soft) + jutsu (art)]
jujitsu politics  political tactics in which a person responds to criticism with countercriticism
ju(-)jitsuist  [jujutsu + -ist]
juku   a private school
junshi   suicide at the death of one’s lord
Jurojin, Jiurojin  the god of long life
juyaku   a senior executive
K   
kabane   in ancient Japan, a series of titles of rank
kabocha (squach) a pumpkin
Kabuki, k-  a traditional and popular form of drama
kabuki dance, K-  an action whose result is easily predictable
Kabukiesque  [kabuki + -esque]
kabuto   a helmet, a headpiece
kabuto gane  the pommel of a Japanese sword
kadsura, K-, kadzura (tree), K-  katsura
Kaga ware  a porcelain of the province of Kaga, Japan
kagemusha  a general’s double, a dummy general
kago   an open palanquin used in feudal Japan
kagura   a sacred dance performed at Shinto festivals
kagura-zame  a frill-shark
kaiken   kwaiken
kaiko-tsuchi  [kaiko (dismissal) + tsuchi (notice)]
kainic (acid)  [kainin < kainin-so 海人草 + -ic]
kairi    a nautical mile (6,080 feet)
kaisha ningen  a devoted company man
kaizen   improvement, betterment
kakebuton  a overlet, a quilt
kakemono  a picture or writing on silk or paper that is suitable for hanging
kaki   a persimmon of Japan
Kaki(y)emon (ware) a porcelain first made by a Japanese artist, Sakaida Kakiemon (1596-1666)
kakke (disease)  beriberi
Kamakura era  from 1185 to 1333
Kamakura lacquer [Kamakura (a town in central Japan) + lacquer]
Kambara (earth)  [Kambara (a town in Japan) + earth]
kami ()  a title given to daimyos and governors
kami, K- ()  a Shinto deity; a sacred power or force
kami(-)dana  a family altar
kamikaze (n.)  Japanese air attack corps
kamikaze (adj.)  suicidal
kami-religion  [kami (deity) + religion]
kana   a Japanese system of syllabic writing
kana-majiri(-bun) a mixed writing of Chinese characters with the Japanese syllabary
kanamono  sword mounts
kanban   lit. a signboard; a special method of trade, just in time
kanji, Kanji  the corpus of borrowed and adopted Chinese ideographs
kannushi  a Shinto priest
Kano (school)  a school of Japanese painting founded by Sasanobu Kano (1434-1530)
kanryo(u)  bureaucracy
Kantei   an official residence
kanten   a gelatinous substance extracted from seaweeds
karamushi  steaming, the ramie
karaoke   a form of entertainment
karaoke bar  [kara (empty) + oke (orchestra) + bar]
Karariu   Japanese painting in the Chinese manner
karate (n.)  a system of unarmed combat
karate (v.)  to strike with a karate chop
karate-chop (n.)  [kara (empty) + te (hand) + chop]
karate-chop (v.)  [kara (empty) + te (hand) + chop]
karateist, karatist karate-man
karateka  karate-man
karate-kick  [kara (empty) + te (hand) + kick]
karate-man  an expert in karate
karate sticks, karate-sticks  nunchaku
Karatsu (ware, pottery) a hard pottery made at Karatsu in the province of Hizen
karimata   a two-headed arrow used in ancient times
karoshi   death from overwork
kashira   the metal pommel of a Japanese sword-hilt
kasube   a ray or skate of the family Rajidae
kasugamycin  [Kasuga (the place name in Japan) + mycin]
kata   a system of basic exercises or formal practice in Judo
katakana  one of the two varieties of the Japanese syllabic writing
katakiribori  a Japanese method of incised chiselling
katana   a long single-edged sword used by the samurai
katatsu   kotatsu
Katayama snail genus [Katayama (a hill in Hiroshima Prefecture) + snal genus]
katsu   invigoration in Judo
katsu(w)o  an important food fish in Japan, a bonito
katsuobushi  (a piece of) dried bonito
katsura, kazura  a type of wig worn mainly by women
katsura (tree), kadsura (tree)  a Japanese Judas tree, a decidous tree
katsura-tree family   
katsuramono, kazuramono  one of the categories of Noh plays
Katsuwonidae, k- a family of scombroid fishes
kawamutsu   a shiner or minnow found in the waters of Japan
Kawasaki disease a disease found by Tomisaku Kawasaki, Japanese biologist
kawata   cotton plant
kaya   an evergreen tree of the pine family
kazura    katsura
kazuramono   katsuramono
kebori   a Japanese method of chiselling
Kegon, kegon  a Buddhist sect
Keidanren  The Federation of Economic Organization
keiretsu   affiliated, subsidiary
keirin   [kei (race) + rin (bicycle)]
Kempei(tai), k-  the military secret service in the period 1931-1945
ken ()   a game of forfeits played with the hands and with gestures
ken ()   a prefecture
ken ()   a Japanese unit of length equal to 71 inches
ken ()   a straight, double-edged Japanese sword
kenbei   hatred of the United States of America
kendo   a Japanese sport of fencing with bamboo swords
kendoist   [ken (sword) + do (way) + -ist]
kenjutsu  swordsmanship
kenrei   a prefectural ordinance;a prefectural governor
kesa-gatame  a diagonal hold in Judo
keyaki   an important timber tree with fine hard wood
kiaki    keyaki
kibei, Kibei  Japanese Americans trained in Japan
kichigai   a madman
kigyonai-shitsugyo [kigyounai (in-house) + shitsugyo (unemployment)]
kiku ()  a chrysanthemum
kiku (菊紋)  kikumon
Kikuchi (electron lines) after Masashi Kikuchi (1902-1974), Japanese physicist
Kikuchi line  after Masashi Kikuchi (1902-1974), Japanese physicist
Kikuchi patterns  after Masashi Kikuchi (1902-1974), Japanese physicist
kikumon, kiku(no)mon [kiku (chrysanthemum) + mon (crest)]
kikyo   a bell-flower
kimigayo  the title of the Japanese anthem
ki-mon   an unlucky quarter: the north-eastern direction
kimono   a long robe with sleeves
kimono blouse  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + blouse]
kimono bodice  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + bodice]
kimono coat  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + coat]
kimono dress  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + dress]
kimono flannel  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + flannel]
kimono gown  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + gown]
kimono jacket  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + jacket]
kimono shirt  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + shirt]
kimono sleeve  [ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + sleeve]
kimonoed, kimonaed (adj.)  dressed in a kimono
Kimura term  one of the annual components of the variation of latitude, named after Hisashi Kimura, Japanese astronomer
kin    a Japanese unit of weight
kinfun   [kin (gold) + fun (dust)]
kinken seiji  political influence secured by large contributions to political parties [kin (money, gold) + ken (power) + seiji (politics)]
kiogen   kyogen
kingio, kingyo   [kin (gold) + gyo (fish)]
kinkan   a kumquat cultivated in China and Japan for its acid fruit
kinko   commercial trepang or beche-de-mer
Kinkozan ware  a Japanese pottery made at Awata and bearing the signature of the family Kinkozan
kinsatsu  paper money, a bank-note
kinsen   gold wire used by the Japanese in enamel-work
kiri   a very large but scarce tree
kirigami   the art of cutting paper into decorative forms
kiri(no)mon  [kiru (paulownia) + mon (crest)]
kirin, kylin  a fabulous animal of composite form
Kishiu pottery  a Japanese pottery made in the province of Kishu
kissaten   a coffee shop, a tearoom
kisu    a kind of fish
kitamakura  a diodonotoid fish, known as yokobuku and akamebuku
kitasamycin  after Shibasaburo Kitasato (1852-1931), Japanese bacteriologist
kiyogen   kyogen
Kline-Nishina formula after Yoshio Nishina (1890-1951), Japanese physicist
koan   a paradox put to a student in Zen Buddhism
koban   a police substation
koban(g)  an oblong gold coin issued in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries
koban(g) gold  [ko (small) + ban (size) + gold]
Kobe beef  [Kobe (a city in western Honshu, Japan) + beef]
kobeite   [Kobe (locality in Kyoto prefecture) + -ite]
kobi   the second line of defense [ko (back) + bi (defense)]
kobu     kombu
kobun   a follower, a satellite
koenkai   a supporters’ association [koen (support) + kai (association)]
kodogu   stage properties, props [ko (small) + dogu (props)]
kogai (コガイ)  [kogai < kamigaki < kami (hair) + kaki (scratch)]
kogai (公害)  environmental pollution in Japan [ko (public) + gai (pollution)]
ko-gatana   ko-katana
kohai   one’s junior(s)
koi (carp)  a common carp in Japan
koi-cha   [koi (strong) + cha (green tea)]
koji   a yeast or other starter prepared in Japan from rice
kojic acid  [koji + -ic + acid]
Kojiki   the oldest extant history of Japan
kojiri   a chape, the tip of a sheath
ko-katana, ko-gatana  a knife, a pocket knife
kokeshi   a kind of wooden doll
Kokka (n.)  [Kokka Shinto (State Shinto began in 1868 and ended in 1945)]
Kokka (adj.)  [Kokka Shinto (State Shinto began in 1868 and ended in 1945)]
koku   a Japanese unit of capacity, esp. of rice
Kokuho Rose  the brand name of rice grown in California
kokujin   a black, a Negro
kokumin(-gun)  the Japanese territorial army
komban(-)wa  Good evening.
ko(m)bu, konbu  a brown seaweed or kelp
Komei   the name of a political party in Japan
Kondo alloy  after Jun Kondo (1930- ), a physicist
Kondo effect  after Jun Kondo (1930- ), a physicist
koniak(u), konjak, konnyaku  a tuberous plant of the family Arace
Konica   [trdn]
konnichi(-)wa  Good afternoon!
konnyaku   koniak
kora   koro
Korin (school, style) after Ogata Korin (1658-1716), a Japanese artist in the Edo period
koro   an incense-burner, usually highly ornamented [ko (incense) + ro (burner)]
koseki   census registration
kotatsu, katatsu  a Japanese foot warmer
koto   a musical stringed instrument
kotoite   after Bunjiro Koto (1856-1935), Japanese geologist and petrographer
koza   a hierarchically organized academic unit
kozo   a kind of paper tree, a paper mulberry
kozuka   a knife attached to a sword sheath
Kubo   the Imperial Court
kudzu (vine)  a perennial climbing plant
Kuge, k-   in feudal Japan, the nobility attached to the Imperial Court
kuge(-)shudan  [kuge (nobility) + shudan (group)]
kujira shaku  shaku
kumaso, Kumaso  an indigenous Caucasoid people of Japan
kumi   a class, group, gang, squad
kumite   sparring in martial arts [kumi < kumu (to grip) + te (arm, hand)]
Kumon   a systematic, inductive method of teaching mathematics, after Toru Kumon, Japanese mathematics teacher
Kunaicho  the Imperial Household Agency
kunrei   an official order
kura   a fire-proof store-house
kurikata  the cord ring with a scabbard
kurisumasu-keki  a Christmas cake [Japanese English]
kurogo   a stage assistant
kuromaku  godfather
kuromatsu  [kuro (black) + matsu (pine)]
Kuromoji  any one of several Asiatic trees of the genus Benzoin
kuronbo   a dark-skinned person
Kuroshi(w)o, k-  the Gulf Stream of Japan
Kuroshio Countercurrent [kuro (black) + shio (current) + countercurrent]
kuroshio (extension) [kuro (black) + shio (current) + extention]
kuroshio (system) [kuro (black) + shio (current) + system]
kuruma   a vehicle, a rickshaw
kurumaya  one who pulls a rickshaw [kuruma (vehicle) + ya (expert)]
Kurume (azalea)  [Kurume (a town on the island of Kyushu) + azalea]
Kutani (ware)  a kind of gold and dark red porcelain first made at Kutani
kuwazoku  kwazoku
kuzushi   in Judo, a method of unbalancing one’s opponent
Kyocera   [trdn]
kwaiken   a dagger, a dirk  [kai (bosom) + ken (sword)]
kwan   an old Japanese unit of weight equal to 8.28 pounds
Kwannon  the Goddess of Mercy
kwazoku, kuwazoku the nobility, the peerage in the Japanese social scale
kylin   kirin
kyogen   a comic interlude presented between performances of Noh plays
Kyoto ware  a ware made in Kyoto
kyu   in Judo or karate, the grade given to the less proficient
kyudo   archery, bowmanship
L   
larmen   ramen, Chinese noodle
Little Tokyo  [Japanese English]
love hotel  [Japanese English]
M   
machi   a Japanese town or commercial center
madogiwa(-zoku)  sidetracked employees
magatama  a bead necklace
mai   a slow Japanese folk or theater dance featuring hand gestures
maiko   a girl who is being trained to become a geisha
makimono  emakimono, a scroll containing pictures
makiwara  a punching post used in practicing karate
makiye   gold or silver lacquer
makizushi  rolled sushi
mama(-)san  the mistress of a bar
mamushi  a small venomous pit viper, an adder
mana   Chinese characters used phonetically or ideographically in Japanese
manekineko  a figure of a beckoning cat
manga   a caricature, a cartoon, a comic magazine
manju   lit. a bean-jam bun, political fund
manyogana  a system of writing in 8th-century Japan
manzai   a traditional art form performed during the New Year holidays
maru   appended as a suffix to name of Japanese ships and boys
marumi kumquat  any of several round-fruited kumquats
maruta   a human body for an experiment in the war-time
maruyu, maru-yu a system of small tax-free savings accounts
masu    a small salmon of the rivers of Japan and northern Asia
matsu   an ornamental and valuable timber pine
matsucoccus  [matsu (pine tree) + -coccus]
matsuri   a solemn celebration or festival held periodically
matsutake  a mushroom
mawashi  the cotton or silk belt worn by a sumo wrestler
Mazda   [trdn]
mebos   umeboshi, a confection of salted dried apricots
medaka   a small freshwater poeciliid fish
Meiji (period)  from 1868 to 1912
Meiji rifle  a breech-loading rifle used in the Meiji period
menuki   pair of ornaments on a sword hilt
metake, medake  a tall slender bamboo
miai   the first step in an arranged marriage
Midori (Melon Liqueur) [trdn]
midzu-ame  [midzu (water) + ame (starch syrup)]
mijakite   [mijak < Miyake-shima (an island of Japan) + -ite]
mijama skimmia  a kind of shrub, named after Miyama, a place name in Japan?
Mikado, m-  a spiritual emperor in the feudal era of Japanese history
The Mikado  a comic opera by Govert and Sullivan (1885)
Mikadoate, m-  [Mikado + -ate]
mikado brown  [Mikado + brown]
mikado locomotive [Mikado + locomotive]
mikado orange  [Mikado + orange]
Mikado pheasant [Mikado + phesant]
mikado type  [Mikado + type]
mikado-yellow  direct yellow [Mikado + yellow]
Mikado Yellow G  the commercial name of a direct dye
mikan   a Satsuma orange
Mikimoto (pearl)  after Kokichi Mikimoto (1858-1954), Japanese pearl farmer
Minamata disease a toxic encephalopatyhia [Minamata (a district in Kyushu) +disease]
mingei   Japanese folk-art
mino    a kind of rain-coat of straw, rushes or the like
Mino pottery  [Mino (a province of Japan) + pottery]
Minolta   [trdn]
Minseito  a political party of Japan, formed in 1929
minshuku  a tourist home, a guest house
mioga   a kind of plant, Zingiber Mioga
mirin   a heavy and sweet cooking sake
Mishima (ware)  a type of ceramic ware
miso   a paste made from soya beans and rice malt
Mitsubishi  [trdn]
Mitsouko  [trdn]
mitsukurina, M-  a kind of shark, named after Kakichi Mitsukuri (1857-1909), Japanese botanist
mitsumata  a deciduous shrub cultivated for its bark used in papermaking
Mitsukurinidae  after Kakichi Mitsukuri (1857-1909), Japanese botanist
miya   a shrine or Shinto temple in Japan
Miyagawanella  after Yoneji Miyagawa (1885-1959), Japanese bacteriologist
miyakite  [Miyak < Miyakojima (an island of Japan) + -ite]
Miyako   the capital of Japan
Mizuho Plateau  a plateau on the Antarctic Continent
mizuna (green)  [mizu (water) + na (greens)]
mo    a Japanese unit of measure
mochi   a cake made from pounded rice
mochi-dai  political fund
mokum(e)  a Japanese alloy used in decorative work on gold and silver
momme   a Japanese unit of weight equal to 3.75 grams
Momoyama (era)  late 16th century
mompe(i)  baggy working trousers
mon   a family crest or badge
mon    the ten thousandth part of a silver yen
mondo   a rapid question and answer technique employed in Zen Buddhism
monogatari  a tale, a story
moose   a lover of an American soldier [< musume]
moretsu sarariman an aggressive office man
moroko   a kind of small fish, a roach
motsu-nabe  pot-boiled giblets
mousee  mousmee
mousmee, musumee, mousee  a Japanese girl working at a restaurant
moxa   a soft woolly mass prepared from the young leaves used in Japanese popular medicine [< moegusa< moe (burning) + gusa < kusa (grass)]
moxibustion  cauterization by means of moxa
moxocausis, M-  cautery by use of the moxa
mume    ume
mura   a village, a small town
muraji   in early imperial Japan, one of the hereditary titles
Muranashiji lacquer lacquer with small gold flakes in irregular clusters
Murata rifel  after General Baron Murata, Japanese officer
mushi disease   [mushi (bug) + disease]
musho   mochi
musme, musume  an unmarried girl, a daughter
N   
Nabeshima (porcelain, ware)  a ware painted principally in blue with plants, fishes, etc.
Nabeshimayaki, Nabeshima yaki Nabeshima porcelain
naegite   a silicate of uranium and thorium found in placer tinwashings at Naegi, near Takayama
Nagami kumquat, n- a kumquat having oval fruit and a persistent style base
nagatelite  [Nagate < Nagatesaki (a peninsular in Japan) + -lite]
Nageia    a kind of plant , named after the Japanese name of Nageia Nagi
Nakanuri lacquer a pure lacquer freed from water
nakodo   one who acts as go-between in the arrangement of a marriage
namako   a sea cucumber or slug
namban   [nam < nan (southern) + ban (barbarian)]
nanako   a type of decorative metalwork
nandin(a), N-  a monotypic genus of Chinese and Japanese evergreen shrubs
nandinine  an armorphous, poisonous, pulverulent alkaloid
nanga, N-  an intellectual style of Japanese painting
na(p)pa (cabbage), N- [nappa (greens, vegetables) + cabbage]
Nara (era)  from 710 to 794
narikin   a newly-rich person, a wealthy parvenu
nashi   a pear (tree)
Nashiji (lacquer)  a lacquer containing gold or silver flakes
natsume  a jujube (tree)
natto   fermented soybean
nekozame  a kind of shark
nemawashi  maneuver behind the scenes
Nembutsu, n-  a Buddhist invocation, prayers to Amida Buddha
netsuk(e), netsuk  a small piece of ivory, wood, or other material
nibu    an oblong square-cornered silver coin
nichibei   [nichi < nihon (Japan) + bei < beikoku (America)]
Nichiren (Buddhism) a Buddhist sect founded by a priest named Nichiren
Nichiren Shoshu  The Nichiren Shoshu of America, NSA
Nichirenshu  Nichiren Buddhism
nighter   a night game [Japanese English]
nigirizushi  a hand-shaped sushi
nigori   muddiness or impurity, in speaking the Japanese language, the substitution of sonant consonants for surds
Nihon, Niphon  Japan  [literally, the origin of the sun]
Nihongi   the Chronicles of Japan
Nihongo   the Japanese language
nihonmachi, N-  [nihon (Japan) + machi (town)]
nikkei   a Japanese American
Nikkei (index)  the relative price of representative shares on the Tokyo Stock Exchange
Nikkei Dow  [ni(hon) + kei(zai shimbun) + dow]
Nikkei Stock Average [ni(hon) + kei(zai shimbun) + stock average]
Nikkofir, Nikko fir an evergreen tree
nikko-kisuge  a day lily named for the locality, Nikko
Nikon   [trdn].
nikubori   [niku (thickness) + bori < hori (carving)]
ningyoite, N-  a new mineral named for the locality, Ningyo Pass
ningyoujoruri, ningyo-joruri  the traditional puppet show
Ninigi    in Japanese legend
ninja, N-  a warrior trained in the art of ninjutsu
ninja squad  a small group of trained fighters
ninjozata  [ninjo (bloodshed) + zata (affair)]
ninjutsu, ninjitsu the art of stealth or invisibility
Ninsei ware  a type of pottery made by Ninsei, the greatest ceramic artist
ninsi(n), ninzin  an umbelliferous plant, a Korean carrot
ninsoku   a coolie
Nintendo  [trdn]
Nintendo epilepsy [trdn + epilepsy]
Nintendo generation [trdn + generation]
Nintendo neck  [trdn + neck]
Nip   usually used disparagingly [Nip(ponese)]
Niplet   [Nip(ponese) + -let]
Nippon (n.)  [< Nihon (literally, the origin of the sun)]
Nippon (attrib.)  [< Nihon (literally, the origin of the sun)]
Nippon chrysanthemum [Nippon < Nihon + chrysanthemum]
Nippon Club  [Nippon < Nihon + chrysanthemum]
Nippon vellum  [Nippon < Nihon + chrysanthemum]
Nipponese (a.)  [Nippon + -ese]
Nipponese (n.)  [Nippon + -ese]
Nipponian (a.)  [Nippon + -ian]
Nipponian (n.)  [Nippon + -ian]
nipponise, N-  [Nippon + -ise]
Nipponism  [Nippon + -ism]
nipponize, N-  [Nippon + -ize]
Nippostrongylus  a genus of strongyloid nematode worms
nis(s)ei, N-  an American born of Japanese parents
nishiki   Japanese brocade
Nishikide ware  a variety of Satsuma pottery with decorations resembling brocade
nishikiye  a colour print, developed in the 18th century
nishu    a small rectangular Japanese silver coin, no longer used
Nissan   [trdn]
no, noh, No(h), No the traditional masked drama
No(h) play  [No + play]
No Dance  [No + Dance]
Noh mask  [No + mask]
nogaku, N-  the genre of the Noh drama
nokyo, N-  [no < nogyo (agriculture) + kyo < kyodokumiai (cooperative association)]
noren   a shop’s curtain, credit
nori    amanori, a food prepared from fronds of a seaweed
norimon(o)  a kind of litter or palanquin
norito   Shinto ritualistic prayers
noshi   a Japanese token of esteem, originally a piece of dried awabi
notan   the combination of lights and darks in Japanese art
nunchaku(s)  two hard wood sticks of Okinwara origin used as a defensive weapon
Nuritate lacquer    
O    
Obaku   one of the three principal branches of Zen Buddhism
Obaku Zen Buddhism   
oban(g)   a large oval gold coin of the 16th to 19th centuries
obento    [o (honorific) + bento]
obi, obe   a sash used to tie a kimono, a belt
obi-styled sash   
obocchama  a greenhorn of a boy
O-bon   [o (honorific) + bon]
ochaya   [o (honorific) + cha (tea) + ya (house)]
o-daiko   [o (big) + taiko (drum)]
odori   a dance, dancing
office lady, OL  [Japanese English]
ofuro    [o (honorific) + furo]
ogi    a Japanese folding fan
ogi otoshi   a game using ogi
o(-)goshi, O-  a hip throw in Judo
Ohi pottery  [Ohi (a village in the eastern part of Kanazawa) + pottery]
ohteki   a flute, yokobue
oiran   a courtesan of high standing
ojime   a bead or bead-like object, often very elaborate
ojosan   a girl, a daughter
Okazaki fragment after Reiji Okazaki (1930-1975), Japanese geneticist
oki-anago   [oki (off-shore) + anago (conger-eel)]
oki-gisu   [oki (off-shore) + gisu < kisu (a kind of fish)]
Okie    Okinawa
okimono   a standing ornament or figure placed in the alcove
Okinawan (a.)  [Okinawa + -an]
Okinawan (n.)  [Okinawa + -an]
Okuninushi   in Japanese legend
okusan   your [his] wife
omi   in early imperial Japan, one of the hereditary titles
omiai, o-miai  [o (honorific) + miai]
omori   a full or good helping (of boiled rice)
o-muraji, omuraji [o (grand) + muraji]
on   the sense of deep gratitude; kindness, favour
onigiri   a rice-ball
onna   a woman
onnagata  in Kabuki, a man who plays female roles
onsen   [on (hot) + sen (spring)]
orei mairi  a visit to a shrine or temple for thanksgiving
Oribe ware  a porcelain made by Furuta Oribe
origami   the art of folding paper into intricate designs
orihon   a book formed by folding a printed roll
osaekomi waza  a method of holding down one’s opponent on the mat
oseibo   a year-end present
oshibori (towel)  a towel wrung out usually in hot water
Osho Rajneesh  [osho (a Japanese priest) + Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh (1931- )]
O-soto-gari, o-  a major outer cut in Judo
otokogi   a shivalrous spirit
otoshi dama  a New Year’s gift
oyama   same as onnagata, lit. female figure
Oyashi(w)o Current   
ozeki   a sumo wrestler of the second highest rank
P   
pachinko  a pin-ball game popular in Japan
Pac-Man, Pac Man [trdn]
Pac-Man defense  [trdn + defense]
Pac-Man counterattack [trdn + counterattack]
pompom US slang  [< pon-pon (belly)]
Power Rangers  [Japanese English]
Q     
R   
raku (ware), R-  a distinct variety of lead-glazed pottery
ramanas(u) (rose) a red-flowered cultivated rose
ramen   quick-cooking Chinese noodles
randori (n.)  a session of informal practice in Judo
randori (v.)  practice judo informally
red tai   [red + tai (sea bream)]
Reiki, r-   spirit or soul
renga   linked-verse poetry, consisting of a series of half-tanka
rengeso clover  a clover-like plant grown for green manure and for forage
ri (1)   a Japanese unit of distance equal to about 2.44 miles
ri (2)   a Japanese unit of area equal to 15.55 square kilometers 
ricksha(w)  [< (jin)rikisha (a light two-shealed hooded vehicle)]
rickshaw-cycle  [rickshaw < jinrikisha + cycle]
rickshaw man  [rickshaw < jinrikisha + man]
rickshaw-tricycle  [rickshaw < jinrikisha + ticycle]
Ricoh   [trdn]
rikisha   [< (jin)rikisha (a light two-shealed hooded vehicle)]
rikishi   sumo wrestler
rikka   a traditional form of flower arrangement
Rikken   constitutional, applied to a Japanese political party
rikutsuppoi  very argumentative
rin   a Japanese unit of money, length and weight
rinnotam(a), rin-no-tam(a)  a bell-shaped gem containing silver in it
Rinzai   one of the three principal branches of Zen Buddhism
rio   ryo
rishitin   [< rishi-ri (the name of a variety of potato)]
Risshu   [Ris < Ritsu (disciple) + shu (sect)]
Ritsu, ritsu  a Buddhist sect introduced in the 8th century to Japan
Ro-iro lacquer  a variety of Japanese lacquer of a pure black or greenish black color
Roju, Roju  the senior councillors in the former feudal system of Japan
romaji, R-, Romazi a system of romanized spelling for the Japanese language
Romajikai  [roma (Roman) + ji (letter) + kai (association)]
ronin   in feudal Japan, a lordless wandering samurai 
Roshi   the spiritual leader of a community of Zen Buddhist monks
rotenone  [< roten (derris plant)]
Ro-urushi lacquer a dark green varnish made by adding to branch lacquer a small proportion of tooth-dye
rumaki   [< (ha)rumaki (a hot crape of Oriental origin)]
ryo, rio, riyo (1)  a former Japanese monetary unit
ryo, rio, riyo (2)  a former Japanese unit of weight, a Japanese ounce
Ryobu (Shinto)  a Shinto sect fostering a mixture of Shinto and Buddhism
ryokan   a traditional inn [ryo (travel) + kan (inn, building)]
ryotei   a Japanese-style restaurant
ryu, riu   a style or school of art
Ryukyu   the former name of Okinawa
Ryukyuan (n.)(a.) [Ryukyu + -an]
S     
sabi   in Zen, a quality of simple restrained, and mellowed beauty
sai   a type of dagger of Okinawan origin 
sakaki   a small Japanese and Indian evergreen shrub
Sakata-Taketani  equation after Sakata and Taketani, majoring in quantum mechanics
sake, saki  a fermented liquor made from rice
sake bottle  [sake + bottle]
sake cup  [sake + cup]
sake shop  [sake + shop]
sakura   a flowering cherry tree
salaryman, salary man a salaried man, an office worker [Japanese English]
salarywoman, salary woman  a salaried woman [Japanese English]
sama   a honorific suffix
samisen, shamisen a 3-stringed Japanese musical instrument resembling a banjo
sampaku (eyeball), sanpaku  visibility of the white of the eye below the iris
samurai, S-  a member of the military caste in the former feudal system of Japan
samurai bond  unsecured yen-dominated bonds
samurai code  [samurai + cup]
samurai ethic  [samurai + ethic]
samurai-minded  [samurai + minded]
samurai order  [samurai + order]
samurai spirit  [samurai + spirit]
samurai sword  [samurai + sword]
samurai warrior  [samurai + warrior]
san, -san  a honorific title suffixed to personal names
Sanda ware, S-  [Sanda (a city in Hyogo Prefecture) + ware]
sanpaku   sampaku
Sanron, s-  a Japanese Buddhist school founded in A. D. 625
sansei, S-  a third generation of Japanese American
sanukite  [Sanuki (a district in Japan) + -ite]
sarakin loan sharks  [sara < salary + kin < kinyu (loan)]
sarariman  salary man
sasa   bamboo grass
sasanqua, sasankwa an evergreen shrub
sashimi   a dish consisting of thin slices of raw fish
sato-imo   a taro
satori   in Zen Buddhism, a sudden indescribable and uncommunicable inner experience of enlightenment
Satsuki   the rainy season
Satsuma anthracnose a disease of the Satsuma orange
Satsuma mikan  [Satsuma (the former name of a province on the island of Kyushu) + mikan (tangerine)]
Satsuma (orange), s- a variety of mandarin orange
Satsuma (tangerine), s- a variety of mandarin orange
Satsuma (ware), s- a kind of cream-coloured pottery
sawara (cypress)  a Japanese evergreen tree
sayonara  Good-bye.
se   a Japanese unit of land area equal to 118.6 square yards
Sega   [trdn]
seibo   oseibo
Seiji ware  stone-ware or porcelain having a neutral gray or celadon glaze
Seiyuhonto  a Japanese political party formed in 1924
Seiyukai  the moderate political party in the Meiji period
seiza   an upright kneeling posture adopted in meditation
sekitei   a rock garden of Japanese style
sekiwake  the third-highest rank in sumo wrestling
seku-hara  [seku (sexual) + hara (harassment)]
sempai   a senior
sen   a Japanese monetary unit; a copper or bronze coin
Sendai (virus)  [Sendai (a city in northern Honshu, Japan) + virus]
sennin   an elderly recluse who has acquired immortality through meditation and self-discipline
senryu   a humorous or satirical kind of verse, after Karai Senryu (1718-1790), a judge of liked-poetry competitions
sensei   a teacher or instructor
sentoku   a golden-yellow bronze vessel made after the Chinese fashion
seoi nage  a shoulder throw in Judo
seppa   a pair of oval washers, each of which had an aperture to receive the tang
seppa-dai  a washer platform
seppuku, S-  hara-kiri
Seshime lacquer
sesshin   in Zen Buddhism, intensive sessions of meditation
Seto (ware)  [Seto (a city near Nagoya, Japan) + ware]
sewamono  in kabuki and bunraku theatre, a domestic drama or melodrama
shabu-shabu  a dish of thinly sliced beef cooked in boiling soup
shafu   [sha < kaisha (company) + fu (tradition)]
shaku (1)  a Japanese unit of length equal to 11.93 inches
shaku (2)  a stick or baton of wood or ivory used by Shinto priests
shakudo   a Japanese alloy of copper with a little gold
shakuhachi  an end-blown flute, made of bamboo
shamisen  samisen
sharawaggi, sharawadgi [probably, < sorowazu (want of symmetry, or studied beauty of irregularity)]
shayo zoku  a declining upper-class family
shiatsu, shiatzu  a kind of therapy
shibai   a play, a drama
Shibayama, s-  a distinctive style of inlay work, named after Shibayama, a Japanese family of carvers
shibi   the albacore
shibu (n.)  astringent juice
shibui (n.)  astringent
shibui (a.)  tasteful in a quiet or profound way
shibuichi  an alloy consisting of one part of silver and three parts of copper [shi (four) + bu (parts) + ichi (one)]
shibuichi-doshi  an ornament attached to tsuba made of shibuichi
shibumi   [shibu (astringent) + mi (taste)]
Shiga(’s) (bacillus) after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870-1957), Japanese bacteriologist
Shiga dysentery (bacillus)  after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870-1957), Japanese bacteriologist
Shigaraki pottery [Shigaraki (a province in central Japan) + pottery]
Shigella, shigella  a genus of nonmotile aerobic bacteria, named after Kiyoshi Shiga
shigellosis, S-  after Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese bacteriologist
Shihan, s-  an honorific title addressed to Judo master
shiitake   a mushroom cultivated on logs
Shijo art  [Shijo (a street in Kyoto) + art]
Shijo master  [Shijo (a street in Kyoto) + master]
Shijo school  [Shijo (a street in Kyoto) + school]
shika (deer)  a pseudaxine Japanese deer similar to the red deer
shika nippon  [shika (deer)+ nippon (Japan)]
shikibuton  [shiki < shiku (to spread) + buton < futon (mattress)]
shikii   coarse rough silk filling, a heavy silk and rayon fabric
shikimi, S-  a Japanese sacred tree whose bark is burned as incense during certain religous rites
shikimic (acid)  a hydro-aromatic acid
shikimin  a colorless, poisonous crystaline glucoside
shikimol  [shikimin + -ol]
shikken, S-  a chief executive officer and later a virtual regent under the Japanese shoguns
Shimada (coiffure) a young unmarried ladies’ formal hair-style
Shimbun  used in the title of Japanese newspapers
shime-waza  the art of strangulation in Judo
shimose (gunpowder) after Masachika Shimose (1859-1911), Japanese naval engineer
shimosite  after Masachika Shimose (1859-1911), Japanese naval engineer
shimpa, S-  the first realistic form of Japanese theater
shin   a god or the gods collectively
Shin, Shin (sect)  the name of a major Japanese Buddhist sect
Shin Buddhism
shingeki, S-  contemporary Japanese theater
Shino pottery  a pottery noted for its nearly pure feldspathic glaze
Shingen tsuba, s- [Shingen + tsuba (guard)]?
Shingon   a Buddhist sect that emphasizes a mystical symbolism of matras and mudras
shinjinrui  the new breed
Shinkansen, s-  a railway system carrying high-speed passenger trains
Shin(-shu), Shin(-)shu a Buddhist sect founded by Shinran in the 13th century
shintai   an object believed to contain the spirit of a kami
Shinota ware  [Shinota + pottery]
Shinotawara (fowl) a breed of domestic fowls with very large tails
Shinto, s- (n.)  the native religious system of Japan
Shinto, s- (a.)  [shin (deity) + to < do (way)]
Shintoism, s-  [shin (deity) + to < do (way) + -ism]
Shintoist  [shin (deity) + to < do (way) + -ist]
Shintoistic, s-  [shin (deity) + to < do (way) + -istic]
Shintoize  [shin (deity) + to < do (way) + -ize]
shippo (ware), sippo a cloisonn -enamel ware
shira(-)kashi  [shira < shiro (white) + kashi (oak)]
Shirase Coast  after Nobu Shirase (1864-1946), Japanese explorer of the Antarctic
Shirase Glacier  after Nobu Shirase (1864-1946), Japanese explorer of the Antarctic
shirozame  a galeorhinoid shark
shishi   a lion, especially as a decorative motif on Japanese porcelain
shiso   a beefsteak plant
shitamachi  Tokyo neighborhoods
shitogi tsuba  [shitogi (rice dumpling) + tsuba (guard)]
shizoku   a samurai, the military class in the Meiji period
sho, sho (1)  a Japanese grain or liquid measure equal to 0.38 gallon 
sho, sho (2)  a classic Japanese musical instrument
shochu, sochu  a rough spirit
shodan   a degree of proficiency equivalent to first Dan
shogaol   [shoga (ginger) + -ol]
shogi, Sho-gi  a board game resembling chess
Shogoin turnip, s- [Shogoin (a town in Kyoto) + turnip]
shogun, syogun, siogun, ziogoon  the hereditary commander-in-chief of the army from the 8th century into the 19th century
shogun bond  [shogun + bond]
shogun CB  [shogun + CB]
shogun lease  [shogun + lease]
shogunal  [shogun + -al]
shogunate, S-  [shogun + -ate]
Shogunite, s-  [shogun + -ite]
shogunship  [shogun + -ship]
shoji (screen)  a paper sliding door or screen in Japanese houses
Shojo   Hinayana Buddhism 
shokai   a firm, a company
shokku   [Japanised English] a shock in political or economic affairs
shomio, siomio  one of a low grade of warrior nobles in the feudal system [sho (small) + mio (name)]
shongi   shogi
Shorin ryu  one of the two main styles of Okinawan karate
shosagoto  in Kabuki, a mime performed to music
shosha   sogo shosha
Shotokan  one of the five main styles of karate
Showa (period)  from 1926 to 1989
shoyu, shoya  soya
shubunkin, S-  a goldfish of a breed having transparent scales
Shugo, s-  in the Japanese feudal system, a military governor
Shuha, Shuha (a.) of or relating to any of the thirteen Shinto sects
shunga   an erotic painting or print
shunto, S-  the annual round of wage-bargaining
shuriken  a weapon in the form of a small star
shusa   a team leader
shuto   in Karate, a sharp, shopping blow made with the side of the hand
shypoo   shippo
sika (deer)  a small red deer
Sinto(o), Sintu  Shinto
siogoon   shogun
siomio   shomio
skibby   US slang, a Japanese prostitute; a Japanese used in contempt
Skimmene  a colorless dextrorotatory liquid contained in the oil from skimmia
Skimmetin  a colorless crystalline compound
skimmia, S-  an evergreen shrub
Skimmin  shikimin
skosh (adv.)  U. S. Slang, a little, a small amount
soba   a type of noodle that is made from buckwheat
sobaya   a buckwheat-noodle shop
sochu   shochu
sodoku   rat-bite-fever
soeyu   shoyu
sogoshoku  [sogo (integrated) + shoku (profession)]
sogo shosha  a very large general trading company
Sohyo   the left-wing trade union federation
Soia   soy, a genus of plants of the same family Fabaceae
Soka Gakkai  in Japan, a lay religious group
sokaiya   strong-arm gangsters hired to control or disrupt shareholder’s meeting
somoist   sumoist
Sony   [trdn]
soogee (n.)  clean rope used to wash with
soogee (v.)  wash down
soroban   a Japanese abacus
sosaku hanga  [sosaku (original work) + hanga (wood block print)]
soshi   a mercenary
Soto   one of the three sects of Zen Buddhism
soy, shoya  a sauce made from soybeans [< shoyu]
soya, shoyu  a sauce made from soybeans [< shoyu]
soya bean  [shoyu + bean]
soya (bean)milk  [shoyu + (bean)milk]
soya bean oil  [shoyu + bean oil]
soya burger  [shoyu + burger]
soya flour  [shoyu + flour]
soya link  [shoyu + link]
soya meal  [shoyu + meal]
soya oil   [shoyu + oil]
soya sauce  [shoyu + sauce]
soya sausage  [shoyu + sausage]
soyate   a mixture of salts of fatty acids from soybean oil
soy(-)bean  the seed of an annula leguminous plant from which soy is made
soybean cutlet
soybean cyst nematode  
soy(bean) flour 
soybean lecithin 
soybean meal  
soybean milk 
soybean oil  
soybean oil meal 
soybean sauce 
soybean soup  
miso soup 
soy biscuit  [shoyu + biscuit]
soy bottle  [shoyu + bottle]
soy burger  [shoyu + burger]
soy cyst nematode [shoyu + cyst nematode]
soy flour   [shoyu + flour]
soy frame  [shoyu + frame]
soy ink   [shoyu + ink]
soy jam   [shoyu + jam]
soy lecithin  [shoyu + lecithin]
soy milk, soymilk [shoyu + milk]
soy oil   [shoyu + oil]
soy oil meal  [shoyu + oil meal]
soy-pea   [shoyu + pea]
soy protein  [shoyu + protein]
soy sauce  [shoyu + sauce]
soy-sauce Ovington [shoyu + sauce + Ovington]
Soya Coast  
Subaru   [trdn]
sudoite   after Sudo Toshio (1911-  ), Japanese mineralogist
sugamo   an aquatic plant grown as a fertilizer and for its fiber
sugi   a Japanese cedar, the largest tree of Japan
suiboku   a style of painting, using black ink on a white surface
suibokuga  [sui (water) + boku (Japanese ink) + ga (painting)]
suimono   a clear soup based on fish stock
suiseki   the Japanese art of arranging stones on a tray
sukiya   a tea ceremony arbor
sukiyaki   a Japanese dish of meat seasoned with soy sauce, tofu, and greens
sumi   Indian ink, a black ink-stick
sumi-e, sumie  black-ink painting
sumi-gaeshi  in Judo
sumimasen  I am sorry.
Sumitomo  [trdn]
sumo (wrestling)  a form of wrestling in Japan
sumodom  [sumo + -dom]
sumoist, somoist  a sumo wrestler
sumo(-)tori  a sumo wrestler
sumo wrestler  [sumo + wrestler]
sumo wrestling  [sumo + wrestling]
sun   a Japanese unit of length equivalent to 1.1 inches
Suntory   [trdn]
surimi   fish meat that is minced, processed, seasoned, and flavored
surimono  a small sized colour print
sushi   a dish consisting of small balls of rice and slices of raw fish
sushi bar  [sushi + bar]
sushiya   [sushi + ya (bar, shop)]
sutemi-waza  the technique of throwing from a lying position in Judo
suzu   a bell of brass and bronze
Suzuki   [trdn]
Suzuki (method)  after Shin’ichi Suzuki, Japanese violin teacher
suzuri   an inkstone
suzuribako  [suzuri + bako < hako (case)]
T   
tabi   thick-soled ankle-socks
tachi   a long sword
tachiai   the initial charge in sumo wrestling
tachibana  a Japanese wild orange
Tago-Sato-Kosaka a comet discovered by the three amateur astronomers in 1969
tai    a Pacific sea bream
taiko, taico  tycoon
taiko   cylindrical or barrel drums
tai-otoshi, T-  th body drop throw in Judo
Taira   a noted powerful family in Japanese history
tai-sabaki  in Judo
Taisho (period)  from 1912 to 1926
Taka-Diastase, Taka-diastase  after Jokichi Takamine (1854-1922), biochemist and instrialist
taka-makiye  a type of Japanese lacquering
Takatori pottery  a pottery made at Takatori, a village in Chikuzen province
Takayasu’s (disease) after Michishige Takayasu (1872-1938), Japanese ophthalmologist
tamari, tamari (soy) sauce  a variety of rich soy sauce
tameshiwara  the destruction in animate objects by means of karate blows
tamo   an Asiatic tree, the wood of Japanese ash
tan   a Japanese unit of land area equal to 0.25 acre
Tanabata, t-  a festival held annually on July 7
Tanabata Matsuri [tanabata + matsuri (festival)]
tanka   a Japanese form of verse of five lines
tansu   a chest of drawers
tanto   a short sword
tanuki   a badger
tatami, tattami, tatamee a rush-covered straw mat used in Japanese homes
tatami-floored  [tatami (straw mat) + floored]
tatami mat  [tatami (straw mat) + mat]
tatami-matted  [tatami (straw mat) + matted]
tatami matting  [tatami (straw mat) + matting]
tatami room  [tatami (straw mat) + room]
tatari   a curse, an evil spell
tatemae   an apparent rule or principle
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles  ninja
temmoku (bowl)  the Japanese name for a large type of Chinese porcelain
temmoku glaze  [Temmoku (a mountain in Zhejiang Province, China) + glaze]
Tempo (tsuho), tempo an oval bronze coin issued in the first half of the 19th century [Tempo (the period 1831-45) + tsuho (circulating treasure)]
tempura fried food  [probably from a Portuguese or Spanish word]
tempura bar  [tempura + bar]
tempura restaurant [tempura + restaurant]
tempura-ya  [tempura + ya (shop)]
Tempyo (era)  from 729 to 749
Tendai (sect)  a Buddhist sect introducted into Japan from China
tengu   a long-nosed goblin; a boaster
tenko   a roll-call of prisonsers or a muster parade
tenmoku  temmoku
tenno, T-  a title for the emperor of Japan
Tenrikyo  a religious sect in Japan
teppan(-)yaki  a Japanese dish consiting of meat or fish fried with vegetables on a hot steel plate [teppan (iron plate) + yaki (grilling)]
tera   a Buddhist temple
terakoya  in the feudal period, a private elementary school
teriyaki   a Japanese dish of broiled meat or fish
teriyaki sauce  [teri (glaze) + yaki (grilling) + sauce]
Tetron   [trdn]
three K’s  kitanai, kitsui, kiken (dirty, difficult, dangerous)
to, to   a Japanese grain or liquid measure
toami   a Japanese cone-shaped cast net
tobira   an evergreen shrub, Pittsosporum tobira
tobira family  pittosporaceae [tobira (an evergreen shrub) + family]
todorokite  [Todoroki (a mine in Hokkaido) + -ite]
tofu   a curd made from mashed soy beans
tofutti   tofu ice-cream [tofu + -tti]
togidashi  a type of Japanese lacquering
Tojo    Japanese minister of war and prime minister; US Slang, a Japanese soldier
tokkin   in Japan, a type of short-term corporate investment fund
tokko   a kamikaze party
toko, tokko  tokonoma
tokonoma  a sort of a cupboard, raised about a foot above the floor
Tokugawa (n.)  the Tokugawa dynasty, their period of rule
Tokugawa (a.)  of the Japanese ruling dynasty (1603-1867)
Tokyo Bay  [Tokyo + Bay]
Tokyo Rose  nickname given during World War II to female announcers broadcasting from Radio Tokyo
Tokyo Round  the Tokyo Round (1973-79)
Tokyoite   a native or inhabitant of Tokyo
tomoe-nage  a circular throw in Judo
Tomonaga-Schwinger theory  after Shin’ichiro Tomonaga (1907-1979), Japanese physicist
tonari gumi, tonarigumi [tonari (neighbourhood) + gumi < kumi (association)]
toneru dummy  [toneru < tunnel]
tongue sushi  American slang, deep kiss (cf. French kiss)
tonfa   a karate weapon
tori   the active partner in the performance of a throw or other judo technique
torii (gate)  a ceremonial gateway in front of a Shinto shrine
toro   a hanging lantern, a garden lantern
Tosa fowl  after Tosa, the former name of a province on the island of Shikoku
Tosa (dog, hound) a big brindle fighting dog, named after Tosa
Tosa picture  after Tosa Mitsunobu (1434-1525), the founder of this school
Tosa school  an aristocratic Japanese family of court painters who flourished after the 12th century, after Tosa Mitsunobu (1434-1525), the founder of this school
Toshiba   [trdn]
toyo   a shiny smooth straw made from shellacked rice paper and used especially for hats
Toyota   [trdn]
tsuba, tsupa  a Japanese sword-guard
tsubaki   a camellia
tsubo ()  a Japanese unit of land area
tsubo ()  a pot, a jar
tsuga, T-   a genus of Asiatic evergreen trees
tsugaresinol  [tsuga + -resinol]
Tsugaru lacquer  a variety of Japanese lacquer with marbled or veined effects in various colors
tsugi ashi  a style of moving in Judo
Tsukahara (tuck)  after Mitsuo Tsukahara (1947-), Japanese gymnast
Tsukahara vault  after Mitsuo Tsukahara (1947-), Japanese gymnast
tsukemono  preserved roots or leaves of certain vegetables
tsukuri   preparatory action in Judo
tsunami   a tidal wave
tsunamic  [tsu (harbor) + nami (wave) + -ic]
tsupa   tsuba
tsurikomi  a very low hip throw in Judo
tsurikomi-ashi  a throwing technique in Judo
tsurikomi-goshi  a throwing technique in Judo
tsurugi   a sword
Tsushima Current [Tsushima (the islands of southwest Japan) + Current]
Tsushima Strait  [Tsushima (the islands of southwest Japan) + Strait]
tsutsugamushi (disease), Tsutugamushi disease  an acute febrile disease
tsutsugamushi (mite), Tsutsugamushimite  [tsutsugamushi + mite]
tsutsumu  the Japanese art of wrapping or packaging
Tsutsutsi  any of several Asiatic azaleas
tsuyu   the rainy season
tycoon   the title by which the Shogun of Japan was described to foreigners
tycoonate   [tai (great) + kun + -ate]
tycoonery   [tai (great) + kun + -ery]
tycooness  [tai (great) + kun + -ness]
tycoonish   [tai (great) + kun + -ish]
tycoonism   [tai (great) + kun + -ism]
tycoonship  [tai (great) + kun + -ship]
tyotei (1)  Chotei
tyotei (2)  peacemaking, settling a quarrel
U   
uchi(-)mata  a inner-high throw in Judo
uchiwa   a flat fan
Uda antenna  after Shintaro Uda, Japanese electrical engineer
ude   in Judo, lit. arm
ude-garami  an armlock in Judo
ude-gatame  an armlock applied the straight arm of one’s opponent
udo    an ornamental plant cultivated in Japan and China as a vegetable
udon   a kind of noodle made from wheat flour
ugui    a kind of fish, same as akahara
uguisu   the Japanese nightingale
uji ()   birth, family, clan
uji (うじ)  a silkworm disease in Japan
Uji cha   [Uji (a town near Kyoto) + cha (tea)]
uji(-)fly   a tachinid fly of Japan
ujigami   the tutelary deity of a particular village or area
Ujimyia   uji-fly
uke   the passive partner in Judo
ukemi   the art of falling safely in Judo
uki   in Judo
uki-gatame  a ground hold applied after the opponent has been thrown
uki-goshi  a throwing technique in Judo
uki-otoshi  a hand technique in Judo
uki-waza  a sacrifice throw in Judo
ukiyo-(y)e  an art-form consisting of wood-block prints
umami   [uma < umai (delicious, sweet) + mi (taste)]
ume, mume  a plum tree
Unshu Mikan  [Unshu (the province in central Japan) + mikan (tangerine)]
ura-nage  a kind of throw in Judo
urushi   a Japanese lacquer tree, Japan lacquer
urushi tree  [urushi + tree]
urushic (acid)  [urushi + -ic]
urushinic acid  [urushi + -nic + acid]
urushiol   an oily phenolic liquid
urushiye  a Japanese color print
uta   a Japanese poem, tanka
utai   a lyrical drama
utchari   a throwing technique in sumo wrestling
utsubo   a kind of fish, a moray
uyoku   the Rightists
V   
W   
wa   social harmony, peace, unity
wabi   in Zen, a quality of simple, serene, and solitary beauty
wacadash  wakizashi
Wagwaryu   [wagwa (Yamato?) + ryu (school)]
Wagyu bull  [wa (Japanese) + gyu (bull) + bull]
Wagyu meat  [wa (Japanese) + gyu (bull) + meat]
Walkman  [trdn]
waka   a form of classic Japanese poetry
wakame   a brown seaweed, used as a cooking ingredient
Wakasa lacquer  [Wakasa (the province in central Japan) + lacquer]
wakizashi  a dagger, a short sword
warabi   a brake whose young fronds are eaten in Japan
waribashi  disposable, wooden chopsticks
wasabi   a Japanese herb, whose thick root is used in Japanese cooking
washi   [wa (Japanese) + shi (paper)]
waza-ari  a score of half a point in Judo, half an ipppon
wooden kimono  US slang, a coffin
X   
Y   
yagi (antenna), Yagi (antenna), Yagi (aerial)  after Hidetsugu Yagi (1886-1976), Japanese electrical engineer
Yagi-Uda antenna after Shintaro Uda, Japanese electrical engineer
yakiburger  [yaki < yaku (to roast) + burger]
yakitori   a piece of grilled chicken meat
yakitoriburger  [yaki < yaku (to grill) + tori (chicken) + burger]
yakkaigoto  [yakkai(na) (annoying) + goto < koto (thing)]
yakuza   a gangster or racketeer
yamabe   a mountain trout
Yamaha [trdn]
Yamaguchi-gumi, y- the name of the largest syndicate of organized crime
yamamai  a large Japanese silk-worm, silk produced by this worm
Yamato (race)  a Japanese of the principal racial stock of Japan
yamato-damashii, Y- [Yamato (pure Japanese) + damashii < tamashii (spirit, soul)]
Yamato-(w)e  [Yamato (pure Japanese) + (w)e (painting)]
Yamato Mountains  
Yamato-ryu, Yamato-ryu the style of art in Japan
Yamato school  the style or school of art in Japan
Yaohan Plaza  [trdn]
yappari   as one expected
yashiki   a mansion, a residence
yashiro   a Shinto temple
Yayoi   the mainly neolithic culture in Japan
Yayoi type  a type of early Japanese pottery
Yayoishiki  [Yayoi + shiki (type)]
Yeddo hawthorn  [Yeddo (the former name of Tokyo) + hawthorn]
Yeddo crepe   [Yeddo (the former name of Tokyo) + crepe]
Yeddo poplin  [Yeddo (the former name of Tokyo) + poplin]
Yeddo spruce  Yezo spruce
yen   a Japanese coin, the basic monetary unit of Japan
yen(-)bond   
Yezo, Yedzo  the former name of Hokkaido
Yezo spruce  an ornamental evergreen tree [Yezo (now Hokkaido) + spruce]
yezomasu   [Yezo + masu (salmon)]
Yobi    the army reserve of Japan
Yokohama bean  [Yokohama (a city in central Japan) + bean]
Yokohama fowl  [Yokohama (a city in central Japan) + fowl]
Yokohama crape  [Yokohama (a city in central Japan) + crape]
yoko-shiho-gatame a side four-corner hold in Judo
yokozuna  a grand champion sumo wrestler who wears a Shinto hawser
yo(n)dan   a degree of proficiency representing fourth Dan
yoshiki-no  [yo (Western) + shiki (style) + no (of)]
Yoshino lacquer  
Yoshino paper  [Yoshino (a town in central Honshu) + paper]
Yoshinoya  [trdn]
Yoshiwara  an area in Tokyo where brothels were officially recognized
yufu    a fabric made from the bark of the paper-mulberry tree
yugawaralite  [Yugawara (a town in central Honshu) + -lite]
yugen   a hidden quality of graceful beauty or mystery
yugenism  [yu (faint, vague) + gen (profound truth) + -ism]
yukata, Y-  a light cotton kimono
yukawa   unit of length, after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist??
Yukawa(-)meson  after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist
Yukawa force  after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist
Yukawa particles  after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist
Yukawa potential after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist
yukon   [yuk < Yukawa + on < meson]
yusho   a rice oil disease, because the patients ate food cooked with contaminated rice oil
yuzen(-zome), Yuzen (birodo)  after Miyazaki Yuzen Sai (?-1758), Japanese cut velvet
Yuzen process  a secret process of dying a painted fabric
Z   
zabuton   a flat floor cushion
zaibatsu   a large industrial conglomerate, usually family-controlled
zaikai   financial circles, the business world
zaitech   speculative money management
zazen, Zazen  Zen meditation
Zen (Buddhism)  a Japanese school of Muhayana Buddhism
Zen Buddhist  [Zen + Buddhist]
zendo   a place for Zen Buddhist meditation and study
Zen Master  [Zen + master]
Zen roshi  [Zen + roshi (old sacred master)]
Zengakuren  an extreme left-wing movement
zenic   [Zen + -ic]
zenist, zennist  [Zen + -ist]
zensho   all wins in sumo wrestling
ziogoon    shogun
ziogoonship   shogunship
zogan   inlaying with gold or silver
zoku   a kinsman, a lobbyist
zori   a pair of thonged sandals with straw soles


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